On This Day, Jan. 27, 1975: The Church Committee

A bipartisan Senate investigation of activities by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is launched by a special congressional committee headed by Senator Frank Church of Idaho. On November 20, the committee released its report, charging both U.S. government agencies with illegal activities. The committee reported that the FBI and the CIA had conducted illegal surveillance of several hundred thousand U.S. citizens. The CIA was also charged with illegally plotting to assassinate foreign leaders, such as Salvador Allende, the democratically elected socialist president of Chile. In 1973, Allende was killed in a coup that the CIA secretly helped organize. The Senate committee also reported that the CIA had maintained a secret stockpile of poisons despite a specific presidential order to destroy the substances.               See also….. Julian Assange           http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_Assange Edward Snowden     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Snowden Glenn Greenwald     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glenn_Greenwald   Also...

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On This Day, Jan. 26, 1995: Russia’s Fail Safe Nearly Fails

Russia’s early-warning defense radar detects an unexpected missile launch near Norway, and Russian military command estimates the missile to be only minutes from impact on Moscow. Moments later, Russian President Boris Yeltsin, his defense minister, and his chief of staff were informed of the missile launch. The nuclear command systems switched to combat mode, and the nuclear suitcases carried by Yeltsin and his top commander were activated for the first time in the history of the Soviet-made weapons system. Five minutes after the launch detection, Russian command determined that the missile’s impact point would be outside Russia’s borders. Three more minutes passed, and Yeltsin was informed that the launching was likely not part of a surprise nuclear strike by Western nuclear submarines. These conclusions came minutes before Yeltsin and his commanders should have ordered a nuclear response based on standard launch on warning protocols. Later, it was revealed that...

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On This Day, Jan. 25, 1919: Prohibition Takes Effect

The first Prohibition law in the history of the United States is passed in Tennessee, making it a misdemeanor to sell alcoholic beverages in taverns and stores. The bill stated that all persons convicted of retailing “spirituous liquors” would be fined at the “discretion of the court” and that the fines would be used in support of public schools. The movement for the prohibition of alcohol began in the early 19th century, when Americans concerned about the adverse effects of drinking began forming temperance societies. By the late 19th century, several states and dozens of cities had enacted prohibition laws, and temperance groups had become a powerful political force, campaigning on the state level and calling for total national abstinence. In December 1917, Congress passed the 18th Amendment, commonly known as the Prohibition Amendment. It took effect in January 1919, following state ratification. Despite an often-vigorous effort by law-enforcement...

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On This Day, Jan. 24, 1972: WWII Soldier in Hiding Found 28 Years Later

After 28 years of hiding in the jungles of Guam, local farmers discover Shoichi Yokoi, a Japanese sergeant who was unaware that World War II had ended. Guam, a 200-square-mile island in the western Pacific, became a U.S. possession in 1898 after the Spanish-American War. In 1941, the Japanese attacked and captured it, and in 1944, after three years of Japanese occupation, U.S. forces retook Guam. It was at this time that Yokoi, left behind by the retreating Japanese forces, went into hiding rather than surrender to the Americans. In the jungles of Guam, he carved survival tools and for the next three decades waited for the return of the Japanese and his next orders. After he was discovered in 1972, he was finally discharged and sent home to Japan, where he was hailed as a national hero. He subsequently married and returned to Guam for his honeymoon. His...

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On This Day, Jan. 23, 1997: Albright Becomes Secretary of State

The day after her unanimous confirmation by the U.S. Senate, Madileine Albright is sworn in as America’s first female secretary of state by Vice President Al Gore at the White House. As head of the U.S. State Department, Albright was the highest ranking female official in U.S. history, a distinction that led some to declare that the “glass ceiling” preventing the ascension of women in government had been lifted. Albright was born Maria Jana Korbelova in Czechoslovakia in 1937 and fled to the United States with her family in 1948 after the communist takeover. She studied law and government at Columbia University in New York City and graduated with a Ph.D. During the 1970s, she served as a staff member on the National Security Council and at the White House and in 1989 became president of the nonprofit Center for National Policy. In January 1993, she was appointed the...

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On This Day, Jan. 22, 1973: Roe v Wade

On This Day January 22, 1973: Roe v Wade Roe v Wade was the landmark decision made by the Supreme Court in over turning a Texas interpretation of abortion and made abortions legal in the United States.  The Row v Wade decision held that a woman, with her doctor, could choose to abort (terminate) in the earlier stages of her pregnancy without restrictions, but with restrictions in the latter stages, based on the right to privacy.  Years later after this historic decision was handed down, the battle to circumvent this law rages on, both on the state and federal level.             Read more:   http://womenshistory.about.com/od/abortionuslegal/p/roe_v_wade.htm http://www.lawnix.com/cases/roe-wade.html http://www.casebriefsummary.com/roe-v-wade/ http://ww.streetlaw.org/en/landmark/cases/roe_v_wade http://www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1971/1971_70_18/  

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On This Day, Jan. 21, 1977: Carter Pardons Draft Dodgers

On this day in 1977, President Jimmy Carter pardons all Vietnam War draft dodgers. During his presidential campaign, Carter had announced his intention to pardon those who had failed to register for the draft or left the country to  avoid service.  In a televised debate with incumbent President Gerald Ford, Carter proposed to implement a blanket pardon, in contrast to Ford’s  more selective clemency plan.  Carter interpreted pardon as meaning that  what you did, whether it’s right or wrong, you’re forgiven for it. And I do advocate a pardon for draft evaders to bring about an end to the  divisiveness that has occurred in our country as a result of the Vietnam War.  On his second day in office, January 21, 1977, he followed through on his promise. A graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy at  Annapolis, Carter served on battleships and submarines for eight years,  although he did not...

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On This Day, Jan. 20, 2009: Barack Obama Inaugurated

On this day  January 20, 2009, Barack Hussein Obama is sworn in as the 44th President of The United states. He was born on August 4, 1961 to an African Father and a white American mother. He is the first African American to hold the highest executive office in the land. President Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School. He is married to his wife of 21 years Michelle,  they have two daughters Malia and Natasha (Sasha) Obama.   The Obamas dance to ‘At Last’ at one of the inaugural balls. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T-pzlZPRvx8   Read more about Barack Obama here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama   Also on this day Arafat elected leader of Palestine, 1996   Ronald Reagan becomes president, 1981   Bullfight spectators die when bleachers collapse, 1980   Country star Jerry Lee Lewis rocks the Grand Ole Opry, 1973   John F. Kennedy inaugurated, 1961   sources:...

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On This Day, Jan. 18, 1950: China Recognizes Vietnam

People’s Republic of China formally recognizes the communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam and agrees to furnish it military assistance; the Soviet Union extended diplomatic recognition to Hanoi on January 30. China and the Soviet Union provided massive military and economic aid to North Vietnam, which enabled North Vietnam to fight first the French and then the Americans. Chinese aid to North Vietnam between 1950 and 1970 is estimated at $20 billion. It is thought that China provided approximately three-quarters of the total military aid given to Hanoi since 1949, with the Soviets providing most of the rest. It would have been impossible for the North Vietnamese to continue the war without the aid from both the Chinese and Soviets.     Also on this day. GM auctions off historic cars, 2009 Barry arrested on drug charges, 1990 Heavy rain leads to landslides in Southern California, 1969  NHL is integrated,...

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On This Day, Jan.17, 1950: The Great Brinks Robbery

On this day in 1950, 11 men steal more than $2 million from the Brinks Armored Car depot in Boston, Massachusetts. It was the perfect crime–almost–as the culprits weren’t caught until January 1956, just days before the statute of limitations for the theft expired. The robbery’s mastermind was Anthony “Fats” Pino, a career criminal who recruited a group of 10 other men to stake out the depot for 18 months to figure out when it held the most money. Pino’s men then managed to steal plans for the depot’s alarm system, returning them before anyone noticed they were gone. Wearing navy blue coats and chauffeur’s caps–similar to the Brinks employee uniforms–with rubber Halloween masks, the thieves entered the depot with copied keys, surprising and tying up several employees inside the company’s counting room. Filling 14 canvas bags with cash, coins, checks and money orders–for a total weight of more...

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On This Day, Jan. 16, 1998: The Clinton Probe Expands

1998 – Three federal judges secretly granted Kenneth Starr authority to probe whether U.S. President Clinton or Vernon Jordan urged Monica Lewinsky to lie about her relationship with Clinton.  As a result of the issues surrounding his personal indiscretions with Ms. Lewinsky, Clinton became the second US president to be impeached by the House of Representatives.  He later tried in the Senate.  He was found not guilty of the charges brought against him. Clinton subsequently apologized for his actions and continued to have an unprecedented popular approval rating for his job of president. source: whitehouse.gov.   And in the honorable mention category On This Day: 1547 Ivan the Terrible was crowned Czar of Russia 1759 The British Museum opened 1883 The Pendleton Act went into effect 1920 Prohibition 1961 Mickey Mantle signed a contract to become the highest paid baseball player in the in The American League. His contract...

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On This Day, Jan.15, 1967: Super Bowl I

The First AFL-NFL World Championship Game in professional American football, later known as Super Bowl I and referred to in some contemporary reports as the Supergame, was played on January 15, 1967 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California. The National Football League (NFL) champion Green Bay Packersdefeated the American Football League (AFL) champion Kansas City Chiefs by the score of 35–10. Coming into this game, considerable animosity remained between the AFL and NFL, thus the teams representing the two rival leagues (Kansas City and Green Bay, respectively) felt pressure to win. The Chiefs posted an 11–2–1 record during the 1966 AFL season, and defeated the Buffalo Bills, 31–7, in 1966 AFL Championship Game. The Packers finished the1966 NFL season at 12–2, and defeated the Dallas Cowboys, 34–27, in the 1966 NFL Championship Game. Still, many sports writers and fans believed any team in the older NFL was vastly superior to any club in the upstart AFL, so expected Green Bay would blow out Kansas City. The first half...

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On This Day, Jan. 14, 1942: Allied Leaders Meet

On this day, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt meet in Casablanca, Morocco, along with the Combined Chiefs of Staff, to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war. This meeting marked the first time an American president left American soil during wartime. Participants also included leaders of the French government-in-exile, Gen. Charles de Gaulle and Gen. Henri Giraud, who were assured of a postwar united France. The success of the North Africa invasion, which resulted in the defeat of Vichy French forces, compelled President Roosevelt to meet with Prime Minister Churchill (Joseph Stalin, president and dictator of the USSR, declined an invitation to attend) to confer on how best to push forward an end to the war. Top priority was given to destroying German U-boat patrols in the Atlantic and launching combined bombing missions. Most important, in a controversial declaration, they announced that the Allies would accept...

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On This Day, Jan. 13, 1968: Cash Returns to Folsom

Born on February 26, 1932, in Kingsland, Arkansas, Johnny Cash joined the Air Force in 1950 and trained in Texas..where he met his first wife. Cash learned to translate Russian morse code while in the Air Force. After his service and discharge, he formed a band and landed a record deal. By the early 1960s, he was a musical superstar, known for his innovative hit songs with gospel undertones, Cash stated that he never performed without wearing black, as he thought wearing black brought him good luck because he wore a black T-shirt and jeans to his first gig ever. In 1967, he married June Carter. Cash was father to five children.  He recorded his last track of his final album a week before his death in 2003. Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom for the second time on January 13, 1968. Full album follows. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nO9EUBh_H74   In the highly...

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On This Day, Jan. 12th, 2010: The Haiti Earthquake

On this day in 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake devastates the Caribbean island nation of Haiti. The quake, which was the strongest to strike the region in more than 200 years, left over 200,000 people dead and some 895,000 Haitians homeless. The earthquake hit southern Haiti at 4:53 p.m. local time. The nation’s capital, Port-au-Prince, a densely populated city located about 15 miles from the quake’s epicenter, suffered widespread devastation. Countless dwellings were reduced to rubble, while hospitals, churches and schools collapsed and roads were blocked with debris. Numerous government structures were heavily damaged or destroyed, including the presidential palace, parliament building and main prison. (At the time of the quake, Haiti lacked a national building code, and many structures were shoddily constructed.) In the aftermath of the quake, amidst fears that victims’ decomposing corpses could spread disease, trucks picked up thousands of bodies and dumped them into mass...

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On This Day, Jan. 11th, 2008: Bank of America Buys Countrywide

  2008 U.S.A. Bank Of America 11th January, 2008 : As the fallout continues from the sub-prime mess and pending foreclosures in Countrywide customers, Bank Of America has announced it will buy Countrywide Financial for $4.1 billion in stock making Bank of America Corp. the nation’s biggest mortgage lender and loan servicer. This continues the aggressive buying strategy of Bank of America after buying FleetBoston Financial and MBNA in the last 12 months. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h7HDmFmQRcw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPd7fCL6DH4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2AHUeZZwY2M http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRoRkpj3vwY    

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On This Day, Jan. 10th: Bittersweet Chocolate Day

Bittersweet Chocolate Day  This is a day many of us can appreciate to the max, today is Bittersweet Chocolate Day! Bittersweet chocolate is a sweetened form of dark chocolate made with cocoa liquor, sugar, cocoa butter, and vanilla. Unlike milk chocolate or white chocolate, it does not contain any milk solids.  According to FDA standards, bittersweet chocolate must contain at least 35% chocolate liquor (a non-alcoholic liquid produced from cocoa beans). Consuming bittersweet chocolate on a daily basis is actually quite good for you.  All variations of dark chocolate contain antioxidants that lower blood pressure and help protect your heart.  Other heart-healthy foods include green tea and blueberries! In honor of Bittersweet Chocolate Day, treat yourself to a few pieces of your favorite variety!             http://www.womenshealthmag.com…   Knowing that it is ‘bittersweet’ chocolate day, it seemed more than appropriate to provide a link to...

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On This Day, Jan. 9th, 2007: The iphone Debuts

Whether it is viewed as a curse or a blessing, it was on this day that Steve Jobs debuted the Apple iphone.  Love it or hate it, one thing is undeniable…..it changed the world in which we live as much as any invention has in the past 50 years.    http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/steve-jobs-debuts-the-iphone   The now infamous footage of a woman texting in a mall.  The dumbing down of society continues unabated. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mg11glsBW4Y          

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On This Day, Jan. 8th, 1928 & 35: Happy B’day Sandy & Elvis

Sander Vanocur was born on this day January , 1928.                                                             Sander Vanocur rose to fame as NBC’s White House corresponded to John F. Kennedy and was know a frequent contributor on “The Huntley-Brinkley Show” and weekend anchor of “The Today Show.”He has served as both political and chief diplomatic correspondent for both NBC and ABC, hosted a show called “Business World” for ABC and is the last surviving member of the Nixon-Kennedy debates. Vanocur was the first national reporter to come out against the war in Vietnam and was once fired by “The New York Times” for, as he put it, “Writing like people talked and not like The New York Times wanted.” Sandy Vanocur is alive and well and living in Santa Barbara. He has two sons, Nick, a former award-winning newspaper headline writer and Chris, a Peabody-award winning reporter who has recently moved from Salt Lake City to Columbus, OH.   Elvis Aaron Presley was born on this day January 8, 1935, he...

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On This Day, Jan. 7th, 1927: The Harlem Globetrotters

          It was on this day 86 years ago that the Harlem Globetrotters played their first game. Harlem Globetrotters play their first game — History.com This Day in History — 1/7/1927history.com   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7U7ywkbb50s                                    

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