On This Day, Aug. 26, 1920 – Women Finally Get the Right to Vote

Women's rights

1920 – The 19th amendment to the Constitution went into effect. The amendment prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex in the voting booth.

After years of fighting for equality, women were guaranteed the right to vote.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Lucy Stone were important figures in the women’s rights movement.

Suffragettes, or women who campaigned for the right to vote, including Lucy Stone, fought to be protected under the 15th Amendment. Ratified in 1870, the 15th Amendment states that, “The right of citizens to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”

“There are two great oceans; in one is the black man and in the other is the woman I will be thankful in my soul if anybody can get out of the terrible pit,” Stone said.

In the end, a woman’s right to vote was not part of the 15th Amendment. They would have to wait another 50 years for this right.

The leaders of the movement were not discouraged. They continued to fight for the right to vote. Suffragettes participated in large, organized marches in cities such as Washington, D.C., and New York. These marches drew a lot of attention to the women’s rights movement.

Before 1920, few politicians paid any attention to the issues affecting women, but all of that changed when the 19th Amendment was passed. The 19th Amendment guaranteed that women could influence government decisions by voting. Their voices would finally be heard.


 

55 B.C. – Britain was invaded by Roman forces under Julius Caesar.

1842 – The first fiscal year was established by Congress to start on July 1st.

1847 – Liberia was proclaimed as an independent republic.

1873 – The school board of St. Louis, MO, authorized the first U.S. public kindergarten.

1896 – In the Philippines, and insurrection began against the Spanish government.

1934 – Adolf Hitler demanded that France turn over their Saar region to Germany.

1937 – All Chinese shipping was blockaded by Japan.

1939 – The first televised major league baseball games were shown. The event was a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1945 – The Japanese were given surrender instructions on the battleship Missouri at the end of World War II.

1947 – Don Bankhead became the first black pitcher in major league baseball.

1957 – It was announced that an intercontinental ballistic missile was successfully tested by the Soviet Union.

1957 – The first Edsel made by the Ford Motor Company rolled of the assembly line.

1961 – The International Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto opened.

1967 – Jimi Hendrix’s “Purple Haze” was released as the opening track of the U.S. release of Are You Experienced.”

1973 – A U.S. Presidential Proclamation was declared that made August 26th Women’s Equality Day.

1978 – Sigmund Jahn blasted off aboard the Russian Soyuz 31 and became the first German in space.

1981 – The U.S. claimed that North Korea fired an antiaircraft missile at a U.S. Surveillance plane while it was over South Korea.

1987 – The Fuller Brush Company announced plans to open two retail stores in Dallas. The company that had sold its products door to door for 81 years.

1990 – The 55 Americans at the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait left Baghdad by car and headed for the Turkish border.

1991 – Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev promised that national elections would be held.

1998 – The U.S. government announced that they were investigating Microsoft in an attempt to discover if they “bullied” Intel into delaying new technology.

 

Source: On-This-Day.com; teacher.scholastic.com