On This Day, July 1, 1867 – Canada Celebrates its Independence


1867 – Canada became an independent dominion.

Canada Day is celebrated on 1st July, the official independence day of Canada. The day commemorates the founding of the Canadian federal government by the British North America Act of 1 July, 1867. As the independence day of Canada, this day is observed as a national holiday throughout the country. Prior to 1982, Canada Day was known as Dominion Day and Confederation Day. The name was changed to Canada Day on 27 October, 1982 by an act of parliament. This day of national importance celebrates the union of the British colonies of the Upper and Lower Canada into a single dominion under the name of Canada on 1st July 1867. In the year 2014 the country will celebrate its 146th Canada Day anniversary.

1847 – The U.S. Post Office issued its first adhesive stamps.

1862Congress established the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

1863 – During the Civil War, the first day’s fighting at Gettysburg began.

1874 – The Philadelphia Zoological Society zoo opened as the first zoo in the United States.

1898 – During the Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt and his “Rough Riders” waged a victorious assault on San Juan Hill in Cuba.

1905 – The USDA Forest Service was created within the Department of Agriculture. The agency was given the mission to sustain healthy, diverse, and productive forests and grasslands for present and future generations.

1916 – The massive Allied offensive known as the Battle of the Somme began in France. The battle was the first to use tanks.

1934 – The Federal Communications Commission replaced the Federal Radio Commission as the regulator of broadcasting in the United States.

1941 – Bulova Watch Company sponsored the first TV commercial in New York City, NY.

1943 – The U.S. Government began automatically withholding federal income tax from paychecks.

1945 – New York established the New York State Commission Against Discrimination to prevent discrimination in employment because of race, creed or natural origin. It was the first such agency in the U.S.

1951 – Bob Feller set a major league record as he pitched his third no-hitter for the Cleveland Indians.

1961 – The first community air-raid shelter was built. The shelter in Boise, ID had a capacity of 1,000 people and family memberships sold for $100.

1963 – The U.S. postmaster introduced the five-digit ZIP (Zoning Improvement Plan) code.

1966 – The Medicare federal insurance program went into effect.

1968 – The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty was signed by 60 countries. It limited the spreading of nuclear material for military purposes. On May 11, 1995, the treaty was extended indefinitely.

1969 – Britain’s Prince Charles was invested as the Prince of Wales.

1979 – Sony introduced the Walkman.

1980President Jimmy Carter signed legislation that provided for 2 acres of land near the Lincoln Memorial for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

1981 – The Supreme Court ruled that candidates for federal office had an “affirmative right” to go on national television.

1997 – The sovereignty over Hong Kong was transferred from Great Britain to China. Britain had controlled Hong Kong as a colony for 156 years.

Source: On-This-Day.com; 123Independenceday.com


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