On This Day, July 30, 1965 – Lyndon Johnson Signs Medicare into Law
1965 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Medicare, a health insurance program for elderly Americans, into law. At the bill-signing ceremony, which took place at the Truman Library in Independence, Missouri, former President Harry S. Truman was enrolled as Medicare’s first beneficiary and received the first Medicare card. Johnson wanted to recognize Truman, who, in 1945, had become the first president to propose national health insurance, an initiative that was opposed at the time by Congress.
The Medicare program, providing hospital and medical insurance for Americans age 65 or older, was signed into law as an amendment to the Social Security Act of 1935. Some 19 million people enrolled in Medicare when it went into effect in 1966. In 1972, eligibility for the program was extended to Americans under 65 with certain disabilities and people of all ages with permanent kidney disease requiring dialysis or transplant. In December 2003, President George W. Bush signed into law the Medicare Modernization Act (MMA), which added outpatient prescription drug benefits to Medicare.
In 1977, the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) was created to administer Medicare and work with state governments to administer Medicaid. HCFA, which was later renamed the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), is part of the Department of Health and Human Services and is headquartered in Baltimore.
1502 – Christopher Columbus landed at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage.
1619 – The first representative assembly in America convened in Jamestown, VA. (House of Burgesses)
1729 – The city of Baltimore was founded in Maryland.
1898 – “Scientific America” carried the first magazine automobile ad. The ad was for the Winton Motor Car Company of Cleveland, OH.
1932 – Walt Disney’s “Flowers and Trees” premiered. It was the first Academy Award winning cartoon and first cartoon short to use Technicolor.
1937 – The American Federation of Radio Artists (AFRA) was organized as a part of the American Federation of Labor.
1942 – The WAVES were created by legislation signed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The members of the Women’s Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service were a part of the U.S. Navy.
1945 – The USS Indianapolis was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. The ship had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian. Only 316 out of 1,196 men aboard survived the attack.
1956 – The phrase “In God We Trust” was adopted as the U.S. national motto.
1966 – The Troggs take “Wild Thing” to No. 1
1968 – Ron Hansen (Washington Senators) made the first unassisted triple play in the major leagues in 41 years.
2000 – Jennifer Aniston and Brad Pitt were married.
2001 – Lance Armstrong became the first American to win three consecutive Tours de France.
2003 – In Mexico, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagon Beetle rolled off an assembly line.
Source: Hisatory.com; On-This-Day.com