On This Day, June 18, 1942 – Navy Gets First Black Officer

robinson1942 – The U.S. Navy commissioned its first black officer, Bernard Whitfield Robinson.

Robinson attended Harvard Medical School and became a prominent radiologist after the war. Dedicated to the care of veterans, Robinson served in the Veterans Administration Hospitals system for the remainder of his career, interrupted only by his re-enlistment in the Navy from 1953-55. 

Some reports say Robinson was a medical student, and the recruiting officer who signed him up, thought that he was white. Realizing what had happened, the Naval Office of Personnel tried to “get rid of Mr. Robinson,” but was unable to rescind the commission, and Robinson became the first African American to receive a direct commission as a naval officer.

Robinson passed away suddenly in his Allen Park, Michigan home on August 23rd, 1972.


1621 – The first duel in America took place in the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts. 


 

History_Andrew_Jackson_Defends_New_Orleans_1812_rev_SF_HD_still_624x3521812 – The War of 1812 began as the U.S. declared war against Great Britain.

The immediate causes of the War of 1812 were a series of economic sanctions taken by the British and French against the US as part of the Napoleonic Wars and American outrage at the British practice of impressment, especially after the Chesapeake incident of 1807. In response to the 1806 British Orders in Council, which crippled American trade, the US (under Jefferson) first tried various retaliatory embargoes. These embargoes hurt the US far more than they did Britain, angering American citizens and providing support to War Hawks in Congress like Henry Clay. In 1812, with President Madison in office, Congress declared war against the British.

1815 – At the Battle of Waterloo Napoleon was defeated by an international army under the Duke of Wellington. Napoleon abdicated on June 22.

1817 – London’s Waterloo Bridge opened. The bridge, designed by John Rennie, was built over the River Thames. 

1873 – Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote for a U.S. President. 

1898 – Atlantic City, NJ, opened its Steel Pier. 

1925 – The first degree in landscape architecture was granted by Harvard University. 

1928 – Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean as she completed a flight from Newfoundland to Wales. 

1936 – The first bicycle traffic court was established in Racine, WI. 

1953 – Seventeen major league baseball records were tied or broken in a game between the Boston Red Sox and the Detroit Tigers. 

1959 – A Federal Court annulled the Arkansas law allowing school closings to prevent integration. 

1979 – In Vienna, President Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) 2.

1982 – The U.S. Senate approved the renewal of the 1965 Voting Rights Act for an additional twenty-five years. 

1983 – Dr. Sally Ride became the first American woman in space aboard the space shuttle Challenger

 

Source: nww2m.com; Pinerest.com; On-This-Day.com; sparknotes.com