On This Day, June 3, 1539 –Hernando de Soto Claims Florida for Spain

florida_map

1539 – Hernando De Soto claimed Florida for Spain.
De Soto, then governor of Cuba, sent guides ahead to locate and chart a course for his army. The expedition set sail for Florida on the 18th of May 1539, with five large vessels and four smaller ones. On these vessels were de Soto’s army as well as priests, women, horses, mules, war dogs, and pigs. On May 25th, they made landfall in the Tampa Bay area. De Soto’s expedition initially landed at Piney Point. They made camp at Uzita, which was a native village on the northern shore of the Little Manatee River.

After trudging across the swamps of Florida, De Soto and his army decided to head north into Georgia. Later, he explored areas of North and South Carolina, as well as Tennessee and Alabama. By the early 1540s, he headed across the Mississippi River to look for gold and silver in what is now Arkansas. In 1542, he became ill and died of a fever.

1621 – The Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherlands (now known as New York).

1784 – The U.S. Congress formally created the United States Army to replace the disbanded Continental Army. On June 14, 1775, the Second Continental Congress had created the Continental Army for purposes of common defense and this event is considered to be the birth of the United States Army.

1800 – John Adams moved to Washington, DC. He was the first President to live in what later became the capital of the United States.

1805 – A peace treaty between the U.S. and Tripoli was completed in the captain’s cabin on board the USS Constitution.

1851 – The New York Knickerbockers became the first baseball team to wear uniforms.

1856 – Cullen Whipple patented the screw machine.

1888 – “Casey at the Bat” the poem by Ernest Lawrence Thayer was first published.

1923 – In Italy, Benito Mussolini granted women the right to vote.

1932 – Lou Gehrig set a major league baseball record when he hit four consecutive home runs.

1937 – The Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the British throne, married Wallis Warfield Simpson.

1938 – The German Reich voted to confiscate so-called “degenerate art.”

1952 – A rebellion by North Korean prisoners in the Koje prison camp in South Korea was put down by American troops.

1959 – The first class graduated from the Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, CO.

1965 – Edward White became the first American astronaut to do a “space walk” when he left the Gemini 4 capsule.

1967 – The Doors “Light My Fire” was released. 

1970 – Har Gobind Khorana and colleagues announced the first synthesis of a gene from chemical components.

1972 – The Rolling Stones began their “Exile On Main Street” North American tour in Vancouver with Stevie Wonder as the opening act.

1972 – The Eagles‘ “Take It Easy” was released.

1989 – Chinese army troops positioned themselves to began a sweep of Beijing to crush student-led pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square.

 

Sourcesfcit.usf.edu; On-This-Day.Com