On This Day, June 7, 1932 – Veterans March on DC Demanding Bonuses

1932 – Over 7,000 war veterans marched on Washington, DC, demanding their bonuses. 
In June 1932 a small band of World War One Veterans calling themselves the Bonus Expeditionary Force or BEF started gathering in Washington to protest Congress’ delay in the payment of the War Bonds they were promised. By mid August their numbers had grown to between 15,000 and 24,00 depending on the source as more and more Veterans and their families gathered in Washington demanding that they be paid.

On August 28.1932 President Hoover ordered General Douglas MacArthur to evict the Veterans. MacArthur ordered then Majors George Patton and Dwight Eisenhower to mobilize the Federal troops out of Fort Myers, Virginia.

At 4:00 that afternoon Major Patton ordered the Calvary to charge the unarmed veterans and their families. Killing and wounding many of the marchers as well as a few bystanders, one of whom was a United States Senator. As the day progressed into night the Army attacked the Veterans main encampment with small arms, bayonets, machine-guns and tanks. In all it is reported that some 1,600 people, mostly woman and children were killed in the daylong struggle. Nobody knows for sure the exact number as there were those who had escaped the city during the fighting and who died of their injuries while on the roads heading back to their homes.

1494 – Spain and Portugal divided the new lands they had discovered between themselves. 

1498 – Christopher Columbus left on his third voyage of exploration. 

1654 – Louis XIV was crowned king of France. 

1712 – The Pennsylvania Assembly banned the importation of slaves. 

1776 – Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposed to the Continental Congress a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence. 

1892 – John Joseph Doyle became the first pinch-hitter in baseball when he was used in a game. 

1903 – Professor Pierre Curie revealed the discovery of Polonium. 

1937 – The cover of “LIFE” magazine showed the latest in campus fashions of the times, which included saddle shoes. 

1939 – King George VI and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, arrived in the U.S. It was the first visit to the U.S. by a reigning British monarch. 

1942 – Japan landed troops on the islands of Attu and Kiska in the Aleutians. The U.S. invaded and recaptured the Alutians one year later. 

1948 – The Communists completed their takeover of Czechoslovakia. 

1966 – Sony Corporation unveiled its brand new consumer home videotape recorder. The black and white only unit sold for $995. 

1965 – In the U.S., the Gemini 4 mission was completed. The mission featured the first spacewalk by an American. 

1976 – “The NBC Nightly News“, with John Chancellor and David Brinkley, aired for the first time. 

1981 – Israeli F-16 fighter-bombers destroyed Iraq’s only nuclear reactor. 


Source: On-This-Day.com; dailypaul.com