On this Day, March 12, 1912 – The Girl Guides of America were Established
1912 – The Girl Scout organization was founded. The original name was Girl Guides.
Even before the foundation of an Association, groups of Guides existed in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, New Zealand and South Africa. By 1912 there were also groups in Ireland, Portugal, Norway and the USA. Juliette (Daisy) Gordon Low founded Girl Scouting in the USA in 1912 and her vision of worldwide Girl Guiding/Girl Scouting made a powerful contribution to its development. She assembled 18 girls from Savannah, Georgia, on 12 March 1912, for a local Girl Scout meeting. She believed that all girls should be given the opportunity to develop physically, mentally, and spiritually.
1496 – Jews were expelled from Syria.
1609 – The Bermuda Islands became an English colony.
1664 – New Jersey became a British colony. King Charles II granted land in the New World to his brother James (The Duke of York).
1755 – In North Arlington, NJ, the steam engine was used for the first time.
1789 – The U.S. Post Office was established.
Following the adoption of the Constitution in May 1789, the Act of September 22, 1789 (1 Stat. 70), temporarily established a post office and created the Office of the Postmaster General. On September 26, 1789, George Washington appointed Samuel Osgood of Massachusetts as the first Postmaster General under the Constitution. At that time there were 75 post offices and about 2,000 miles of post roads, although as late as 1780 the postal staff consisted only of a Postmaster General, a Secretary/Comptroller, three surveyors, one Inspector of Dead Letters, and 26 post riders.
1884 – The State of Mississippi authorized the first state-supported college for women. It was called the Mississippi Industrial Institute and College.
1894 – Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time.
The first bottling of Coca-Cola occurred in Vicksburg, Mississippi, at the Biedenharn Candy Company in 1891. Its proprietor was Joseph A. Biedenharn. The original bottles were six-ounce (170-gram) Hutchinson bottles manufactured by Biedenharn and sealed with a rubber gasket. Reportedly leaky, they were soon replaced with “crown top” bottles with straight sides, and sealed with a metal cap; variants of this design remain in use today. The distinctive “hobble-skirt” bottle design now associated with Coca-Cola was introduced in 1915.
1903 – The Czar of Russia issued a decree providing for nominal freedom of religion throughout his territory.
1906 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that corporations must yield incriminating evidence in anti-trust suits.
1933 – President Franklin D. Rooseveltpresented his first presidential address to the nation. It was the first of the “Fireside Chats.”
1938 – The “Anschluss” took place as German troops entered Austria.
1955 – The Dave Brubeck Quartet appeared for the first time at Carnegie Hall in New York City.
1957 – Buddy Holly and the Crickets recorded “Maybe Baby.”
1994 – The Church of England ordained its first women priests.
Sources: thisdayinhistory.com; thisdayinmusic.com; Inventors.about.com; wagggs.org; colafountain.topcities.com