On This Day, Nov. 7, 1637 – Religious Leader Anne Hutchinson Banished from Massachusetts

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1637 – Anne Hutchinson, the first female religious leader in the American colonies, was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for heresy.

Anne and William Hutchinson, with their growing family — eventually, fifteen children — several times a year made the 25-mile journey to attend the church served by the minister John Cotton, a Puritan. Anne Hutchinson came to consider John Cotton her spiritual mentor.

In 1633, Cotton’s preaching was banned by the Established Church and he emigrated to America’s Massachusetts Bay. he and her husband and their other children left England for Massachusetts the next year.

The family spent several weeks with a minister in England, William Bartholomew, while waiting for their ship, and Anne Hutchinson shocked him with her claims of direct divine revelations. She claimed direct revelations again on board the Griffin, in talking to another minister, Zachariah Symmes.

Symmes and Bartholomew reported their concerns upon their arrival in Boston in September.

Highly intelligent, well-studied in the Bible from the education provided her by her father’s mentorship and her own years of self-study, skilled in midwifery and medicinal herbs, and married to a successful merchant, Anne Hutchinson quickly became a leading member of the community. She began leading weekly discussion meetings. At first these explained Cotton’s sermons to the participants. Eventually, Anne Hutchinson began reinterpreting the ideas preached in the church.

Roger Williams, founder of Rhode Island, had been banished in 1635 for his non-orthodox views. Anne Hutchinson’s views, and their popularity, caused more of a religious rift. The challenge to authority was especially feared by the civil authorities and clergy.

That same month, a synod was held in Massachusetts which identified the views held by Hutchinson as heretical. In November, 1637, Anne Hutchinson was tried before the General Court on charges of heresy and sedition.

The outcome of the trial was not in doubt: the prosecutors were also the judges, since her supporters had by that time been excluded (for their own theological dissent) from the General Court. The views she held had been declared heretical at the August synod, so the outcome was predetermined.


1811 – The Shawnee Indians of chief Tecumseh were defeated by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Wabash (or (Tippecanoe).

1874 – The Republican was first symbolized as an elephant in a cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly.

1876 – The cigarette manufacturing machine was patented by Albert H. Hook.

1893 – The state of Colorado granted its women the right to vote.

1895 – The last spike was driven into Canada’s first transcontinental railway in the mountains of British Columbia.

1914 – The “New Republic” magazine was printed for the first time.

1916 – Jeanette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.

1917 – Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution took place. The provisional government of Alexander Kerensky was overthrown by forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.

1929 – The Museum of Modern Art in New York City opened to the public.

1933 – Voters in Pennsylvania eliminated sports from Pennsylvanian “Blue Laws.”


1940 – The middle section of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington state collapsed during a windstorm. The suspension bridge had opened to traffic on July 1, 1940.

1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first person to win a fourth term as president.

1963 – Elston Howard, of the New York Yankees, became the first black player to be named the American League’s Most Valuable Player.


1965 – The “Pillsbury Dough Boy” debuted in television commercials.

1967 – Carl Stokes was elected the first black mayor Cleveland, OH, becoming the first black mayor of a major city.

1967President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a bill establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

1967 – The U.S. Selective Service Commission announced that college students arrested in anti-war demonstrations would lose their draft deferments.

1973New Jersey became the first state to permit girls to play on Little League baseball teams.

1973Congress over-rode President Richard Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Act, which limits a chief executive’s power to wage war without congressional approval.

1983 – A bomb exploded in the U.S. Capitol. No one was injured.

1989 – L. Douglas Wilder won the governor’s race in Virginia, becoming the first elected African-American state governor in U.S. history.

1989 – David Dinkins was elected and became New York City’s first African-American mayor.

1991 – Magic Johnson announced that he had tested positive for the virus that causes AIDS, and that he was retiring from basketball.

1999 – Tiger Woods became the first golfer since Ben Hogan in 1953 to win four straight tournaments.

2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton made history as the first president’s wife to win public office when the state of New York elected her to the Senate.

 

Source: womenshistory.about.com;On-This-Day.com