On This Day, Oct. 10, 1959 – Pan Am Announces Plans for Gloabal Service

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1959 – Pan American World Airways announced the beginning of the first global airline service.

Pan American World Airways, commonly known as Pan Am, was the principal and largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse on December 4, 1991.

Founded in 1927 as a scheduled air mail and passenger service operating between Key West, Florida, and Havana, Cuba, the airline became a major company credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry, including the widespread use of jet aircraft, jumbo jets, and computerized reservation systems. It was also a founding member of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the global airline industry association.

Identified by its blue globe logo, the use of the word “Clipper” in aircraft names and call signs, and the white pilot uniform caps, the airline was a cultural icon of the 20th century.

In an era dominated by flag carriers that were wholly or majority government-owned, it was also the unofficial flag carrier of the United States.

At its peak in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Pan Am advertised under the slogan, the “World’s Most Experienced Airline.”
Pan American carried 6.7 million passengers in 1966, and by 1968, its 150 jets flew to 86 countries on every continent except for Antarctica
over a scheduled route network of 81,410 unduplicated miles (131,000 km).


1845 – The United States Naval Academy opened in Annapolis, MD.

1865 – The billiard ball was patented by John Wesley Hyatt.

1886 – The tuxedo dinner jacket made its U.S. debut in New York City.

1887 – Thomas Edison organized the Edison Phonograph Company.

1911 – China’s Manchu dynasty was overthrown by revolutionaries under Sun Yat-sen.

1913President Woodrow Wilson triggered the explosion of the Gamboa Dike that ended the construction of the Panama Canal.

1933 – Dreft, the first synthetic detergent, went on sale.

1938 – Nazi Germany completed its annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland.

1943 – Chaing Kai-shek took the oath of office as the president of China.

1957President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologized to Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, the finance minister of Ghana, after the official had been refused service in a Dover, DE, restaurant.

1963 – A dam burst in Italy killing 3,000 people.

1965 – The Red Baron made his first appearance in the “Peanuts” comic strip.

1973 – Fiji became independent after of nearly a century of British rule.

1977 – Joe Namath played the last game of his National Football League (NFL) career.

1978 – The bill authorizing the Susan B. Anthony dollar was signed by President Jimmy Carter.

1984 – The U.S. Congress passed the 2nd Boland Amendment which outlawed solicitation of 3rd-party countries to support the Contras. The amendment barred the use of funds available to CIA, defense, or intelligence agencies for “supporting, directly or indirectly, military or paramilitary operations in Nicaragua by any nation, group, organization or individual.”

1987 – Tom McClean finished rowing across the Atlantic Ocean. It set the record at 54 days and 18 hours.

1991 – The United States cut all foreign aid to Haiti in reaction to a military coup that forced President Jean-Claude Aristide into exile.

1994 – Iraq announced it was withdrawing its forces from the Kuwaiti border. No signs of a pullback were observed.

1997 – The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain, opened to the public. Architect Frank Gehry designed the 450 ft. long and 98 ft. wide building.

2003 – Rush Limbaugh announced that he was addicted to painkillers and that he was going to check into a rehab center.

2010 – In China, Canton Tower opened to the public.

 

Source: On-this-day.com; Wikipedia.org