On This Day, Oct. 11, 2002 – Jimmy Carter Wins Nobel Peace Prize

Carter

On this day in 2002, former President Jimmy Carter wins the Nobel Peace Prize “for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.”

Carter, a peanut farmer from Georgia, served one term as U.S. president between 1977 and 1981. One of his key achievements as president was mediating the peace talks between Israel and Egypt in 1978. The Nobel Committee had wanted to give Carter (1924- ) the prize that year for his efforts, along with Anwar Sadat and Menachim Begin, but was prevented from doing so by a technicality–he had not been nominated by the official deadline.

After he left office, Carter and his wife Rosalynn created the Atlanta-based Carter Center in 1982 to advance human rights and alleviate human suffering. Since 1984, they have worked with Habitat for Humanity to build homes and raise awareness of homelessness. Among his many accomplishments, Carter has helped to fight disease and improve economic growth in developing nations and has served as an observer at numerous political elections around the world.

The first Nobel Prizes–awards established by Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) in his will–were handed out in Sweden in 1901 in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace. The Nobel Prize in economics was first awarded in 1969. Carter was the third U.S. president to receive the award, worth $1 million, following Theodore Roosevelt (1906) and Woodrow Wilson (1919).


 

  • British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown the Netherlands.
  • The Juliana the 1st steam-powered ferryboat begins operation.
  • Slavery abolished in Maryland.
  • Daughters of the American Revolution founded
  • Lou Gehrig elected MVP
  • Yanks beat Cards 4 games to 1 in the world series
  • Pioneer 1 launched; 1st spacecraft launched by NASA
  • Pope John XXIII convenes Vatican II Council.
  • 21st Roman Catholic ecumenical council Vatican II opens in Rome.
  • Billy Martin named manager of Twins
  • Apollo 7 launched 1st of manned Apollo mission
  • Soyuz 6 launched; Soyuz 7 & 8 follow in next two days.
  • Islander’s Bryan Trottier’s 1st career hat trick
  • Saturday Night Live premiers
  • Soyuz 25 returns to Earth
  • Cosmonauts Popov & Ryumin set space endurance record of 184 days
  • Yanks beat Brewers 7-3 & win only Eastern Championship Series
  • Kathy Sullivan becomes 1st American woman to walk in space.
  • 200 000 gays march for civil rights in Washington.

Source: On-This-Day.com; History.com