On This Day, Oct. 22, 1962 – President Kennedy Announces Blockade of Cuba

1962President John F. Kennedy went on radio and television to inform the United States about his order to send U.S. forces to blockade Cuba. The blockade was in response to the discovery of Soviet missile bases on the island.

On Oct. 22, 1962, that threat of nuclear war suddenly became real when President Kennedy came on television that evening to tell the nation the Soviet Union was building sites in Cuba for launching medium-range missiles at the U.S. He announced that U.S. Navy warships would begin a blockade of Cuba the following day. All U.S. military forces were placed on alert at DEFCON 3 with the exception of the Strategic Air Command, which was placed on DEFCON 2, defined as “nuclear war is imminent.” DEFCON 2 is the second highest military alert level, and this is the only time it has been activated. After Kennedy’s announcement, Soviet ships in route to Cuba slowed or changed course except for the tanker Bucharest, which was allowed to cross the blockade line.

1746 – The College of New Jersey was officially chartered. It later became known as Princeton University.

1797 – Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first recorded parachute jump. He made the jump from about 3,000 feet.

1836 – Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas.

1907 – The Panic of 1907 began when depositors began withdrawing money from many New York banks.

1939 – The first televised pro football game was telecast from New York. Brooklyn defeated Philadelphia 23-14.

1950 – The Los Angeles Rams set an NFL record by defeating the Baltimore Colts 70-27. It was a record score for a regular season game.

1954 – The Federal Republic of Germany was invited to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 20

1961 – Chubby Checker appeared on the “Ed Sullivan Show” and performed “The Twist.

1968Apollo 7 splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean. The spacecraft had orbited the Earth 163 times.

1975 – Air Force Technical Sergeant Leonard Matlovich was discharged after publicly declaring his homosexuality. His tombstone reads ” “A gay Vietnam Veteran. When I was in the military they gave me a medal for killing two men and a discharge for loving one.”

1979 – The ousted Shah of Iran, Mohammad Riza Pahlavi was allowed into the U.S. for medical treatment.may1982

1981 – The Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August.

1983 – At the Augusta National Golf Course in Georgia, an armed man crashed a truck through front gates and demanded to speak with President Ronald Reagan.

1991 – The European Community and the European Free Trade Association agreed to create a free trade zone of 19 nations by the year 1993.

1999 – China ended its first human rights conference in which it defied Western definitions of civil liberties.

2010 – The International Space Station set the record (3641 days) for the longest continuous human occupation of space. It had been continuously inhabited since November 2, 2000.


Source: semissourian.com; On-This-Day.com