On This Day, Oct. 7, 1950 – Chinese Troops Turn Tide in Korean War

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1950 – The U.S.-led U.N. forces crossed the 38th Parallel and entered North Korea. China in November proved their threat to enter the war by sending several hundred thousand troops over the border into North Korea.

In retrospect the events on the battlefield in late October and early November 1950 were harbingers of disaster ahead. They had been foreshadowed by ominous “signals” from China, signals relayed to the United States through Indian diplomatic channels.

The Chinese, it was reported, would not tolerate a U.S. presence so close to their borders and would send troops to Korea if any UN forces other than ROK elements crossed the 38th Parallel. With the United States seeking to isolate Communist China diplomatically, there were very few ways to verify these warnings. While aware of some of the dangers, U.S. diplomats and intelligence personnel, especially General Douglas MacArthur, discounted the risks. The best time for intervention was past, they said, and even if the Chinese decided to intervene, allied air power and firepower would cripple their ability to move or resupply their forces. The opinion of many military observers, some of whom had helped train the Chinese to fight against the Japanese in World War II, was that the huge infantry forces that could be put in the field would be poorly equipped, poorly led, and abysmally supplied.

These “experts” failed to give full due to the revolutionary zeal and military experience of many of the Chinese soldiers that had been redeployed to the Korean border area. Many of the soldiers were confident veterans of the successful civil war against the Nationalist Chinese forces. Although these forces were indeed poorly supplied, they were highly motivated, battle hardened, and led by officers who were veterans, in some cases, of twenty years of nearly constant war.


1765 – Nine American colonies sent a total of 28 delegates to New York City for the Stamp Act Congress. The delegates adopted the “Declaration of Rights and Grievances.”a

1777 – During the American Revolution the second Battle of Saratoga began.

1868 – Cornell University was inaugurated in Ithaca, NY.

1913 – For the first time, Henry Ford’s entire Highland Park automobile factory was run on a continuously moving assembly line when the chassis was added to the process.

1918 – The Georgia Tech football team defeated Cumberland College 222-0. Georgia Tech carried the ball 978 yards and never threw a pass.

1949 – The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was formed.

1951 – The Western Hills Hotel in Fort Worth, TX, became the first hotel to feature all foam-rubber mattresses and pillows.

1956 – A U.S. House subcommittee began investigations of allegedly rigged TV quiz shows.

1957 – RCA Victor announced that they had already received 500,000 advance orders for Elvis’ Christmas album.

1963President John Kennedy signed a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union

1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America adopted the film-rating system that ranged for “G” to “X.”

1981 – The Egyptian parliament, after the assassination of Anwar Sadat, named Vice President Hosni Mubarak the next president of Egypt.

1985 – The United States announced that it would no longer automatically comply with World Court decisions.

1989 – In Budapest, Hungary’s Communist Party renounced Marxism in favor of democratic socialism.

1993President Bill Clinton sent more troops, heavy armor, and naval firepower to Somalia.

1998 – The U.S. government filed an antitrust suit that alleged Visa and MasterCard inhibit competition by preventing banks from offering other cards.

1999 – American Home Products Corp. agreed to pay up to $4.83 billion to settle claims that the fen-phen diet drug caused dangerous problems with heart valves.

2001 – Barry Bonds (San Francisco Giants) hit his 73rd home run of the season and set a new major league record.

2001 – The U.S. and Great Britain began airstrikes in Afghanistan in response to that state’s support of terrorism and Osama bin Laden. The act was the first military action taken in response to the terrorist attacks on the U.S. on September 11, 2001.

 

Source: On-This-Day.com; history.army.mil